Haiti Fast Facts

4 months ago 47
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(CNN)Here's a look astatine Haiti. Haiti makes up the occidental one-third of the land of Hispaniola successful the Caribbean. The eastbound two-thirds of the land is the Dominican Republic.

Capital: Port-au-Prince

Ethnic Groups: Black 95%, mixed and White 5%

Religion: Roman Catholic 54.7%, Protestant 28.5% (Baptist 15.4%, Pentecostal 7.9%, Adventist 3%, Methodist 1.5%, different .7%), Voodoo 2.1%, different 4.6%

Unemployment: 40.6% (2010 est.)

Timeline

1492 - Christopher Columbus lands connected the land and names it Hispaniola.

1697 - Spain recognizes France's assertion to the occidental 3rd of the island.

1791 - Slaves rebel against plantation owners. Toussaint L'Ouverture, a erstwhile slave, takes power and writes a constitution.

January 1, 1804 - Haiti gains independency from France. Haiti is the 2nd oldest autarkic federation successful the Western Hemisphere aft the United States.

1804-1915 - Over 70 antithetic dictators regularisation Haiti.

1915 - US President Woodrow Wilson sends Marines to Haiti to reconstruct order. The United States occupies Haiti until 1934.

1946 - Army officers instrumentality power of Haiti's government.

1949 - Army officers instrumentality power of the authorities again aft rioting breaks out.

1950 - Army serviceman Paul Magloire is elected president.

1956 - Magloire resigns aft rioting breaks out; the service takes power of the authorities again.

1957 - Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier, a doctor, is elected president.

1964 - Duvalier declares himself president for beingness and rules arsenic a dictator.

1971 - Haiti amends their constitution to let the president to take his successor. Duvalier chooses his son, Jean-Claude, who is 19.

April 1971 - After his begetter dies, Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier declares himself president for life. He uses a concealed constabulary unit called Tontons Macoutes (bogeymen) to enforce his policies.

1986 - Duvalier flees the state aft a revolt. Lt. Gen. Henri Namphy runs the state and tries to get escaped of the Tontons Macoutes but fails.

March 1987 - Haiti adopts a caller constitution that calls for statesmanlike and nationalist assembly elections by the people.

November 29, 1987 - Elections are canceled aft violent attacks connected polling places. They are rescheduled for January 1988, astatine which constituent the radical elite a civilian president and a parliament.

June 1988 - Namphy overthrows the caller authorities and declares himself the president of the subject government.

September 1988 - Officers of the Presidential Guard prehend powerfulness from Namphy. Lt. Gen. Prosper Avril declares himself president.

March 1990 - Avril resigns owed to protests.

December 1990 - Jean-Bertrand Aristide wins Haiti's archetypal escaped election.

September 1991 - Aristide flees the state aft being ousted successful a subject coup. The Organization of American States and the United Nations pb commercialized boycotts to unit Aristide's instrumentality to power. Many Haitians effort to fly to the United States but are forced backmost to Haiti. Later the refugees are sent to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

July 3, 1993 - The subject authorities agrees to let Aristide to instrumentality and reconstruct his authorities by October 30. They aboriginal backmost retired of the statement and bash not let Aristide to return.

September 17, 1994 - US President Bill Clinton sends a delegation to Haiti successful hopes of avoiding a subject conflict. The squad includes former US President Jimmy Carter, Colin Powell, and Senator Sam Nunn. The bid woody prevents an outbreak of fighting.

September 18, 1994 - The United States sends troops to Haiti to support order. The archetypal 3,000 troops onshore connected September 19 successful Port-au-Prince.

October 1994 - Aristide is restored to power. US troops enactment successful Haiti to support order. The United Nations and OAS boycotts extremity and the refugees astatine Guantanamo Bay instrumentality to Haiti.

March 1995 - Most US troops permission Haiti.

Late 1995 - Rene Preval, a subordinate of Aristide's Lavalas coalition, is elected president.

April 1996 - The past US troops leave.

December 1998 - UN peacekeepers withdraw.

November 2000 - Aristide is elected president again; astir different parties boycott the elections, claiming they are fraudulent.

February 2004 - Rebels and governmental absorption leaders reason Aristide's enactment and methods and privation him to beryllium removed from power. Aristide says helium volition stay successful bureau until the past time of his term, February 7, 2006.

February 8, 2004 - Looting and unit dispersed passim Haiti.

February 21, 2004 - An International appraisal squad made up of officials from the United States, France, Canada, the Caribbean Community and the Organization of American States get successful Haiti to contiguous Aristide with a bid plan. He accepts the presumption of the plan, which see the assignment of a caller premier minister, the constitution of a bipartisan cabinet, the holding of caller elections to beryllium overseen by planetary observers and the disarmament of militias, stationed successful overmuch of the north. The absorption leaders denote the rejection of immoderate program that does not see the contiguous resignation of Aristide.

February 25, 2004 - US President George W. Bush states that immoderate Haitians attempting to participate the United States volition beryllium turned distant by the Coast Guard.

February 29, 2004 - President Aristide leaves for the Central African Republic. Supreme Court Chief Justice Boniface Alexandre replaces him arsenic the nation's president successful a transitional government, arsenic mandated by Haiti's constitution.

March 2004 - American and French troops deploy arsenic portion of a multinational peacekeeping force.

March 2, 2004 - Haitian rebel person Guy Philippe declares himself the country's caller constabulary main and calls for the re-establishment of Haiti's army, which Aristide disbanded successful 1991. The United States does not admit Philippe arsenic the caput of the Haitian police.

March 9, 2004 - Gerard Latortue, a 69-year-old planetary concern consultant, is named the caller premier curate of Haiti by the US-backed Council of Sages.

April 2004 - The UN Secretary-General recommends the instauration of a multidimensional stabilization cognition to assistance with the concern successful Haiti. The cognition is called the United Nations Stabilization Mission successful Haiti.

June 2004 - A US-led multinational unit turns implicit authorization successful Port-au-Prince to UN peacekeepers.

February 7, 2006 - After scheduling delays and allegations of predetermination fraud, Rene Preval is elected president of Haiti.

February 2007 - Preval has UN peacekeepers successful Haiti statesman an violative against thoroughfare gangs successful Port-au-Prince.

January 12, 2010 - A 7.0 magnitude earthquake strikes 14 miles westbound of Haiti, destroying astir of Port-au-Prince. The earthquake kills an estimated 217,000 radical and leaves much than 2 cardinal homeless.

October 2010 - Cholera breaks retired successful Haiti, and much than 6,600 dice wrong a year. As of February 2016, Haiti had reported 771,000 cases of cholera and 9,082 deaths owed to the 2010 outbreak.

November 28, 2010 - The statesmanlike predetermination is held. In December, the electoral assembly announces that erstwhile archetypal woman Mirlande Manigat has won but lacks the bulk of votes needed for an outright victory. The runoff is scheduled for March 20, 2011.

January 16, 2011 - Former dictator "Baby Doc" Duvalier unexpectedly returns to Haiti aft astir 25 years successful exile.

April 4, 2011 - Preliminary results successful the statesmanlike runoff predetermination amusement instrumentalist Michel "Sweet Micky" Martelly with 67.6% of the ballot compared to erstwhile Haitian archetypal woman Manigat's 31.5%.

April 20, 2011 - Martelly is officially declared the president of Haiti by the country's electoral council.

May 14, 2011 - Martelly is sworn successful arsenic the president of Haiti.

June 8, 2011 - Heavy rainfall successful Haiti leads to an summation successful reported cases of cholera.

July 2011 - According to a US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report, UN peacekeepers from Nepal astir apt caused the October 2010 cholera epidemic.

October 2011 - A CDC study details improvements made successful sanitation and acquisition that lowered the mortality complaint from cholera successful Haiti from 4 percent to beneath 1 percent. Since December 2010, less radical are dying from the illness contempt an summation successful fig of cases reported.

November 8, 2011 - Haitian cholera victims person filed a petition with the United Nations demanding compensation for their suffering, the victims' lawyers announce. Haitians who were sickened are demanding $50,000 each; families of those who died are seeking $100,000.

April 14, 2012 - The Haitian authorities and the World Health Organization motorboat a cholera vaccination programme targeting 100,000 people.

October 2012 - Dozens dice successful floods and landslides owed to Hurricane Sandy.

December 2014 - After days of anti-government protests successful Haiti, Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe announces his resignation.

January 9, 2015 - A US national justice successful Manhattan rules that the Haitian victims of the 2010 cholera outbreak cannot writer the United Nations, arsenic it has ineligible immunity.

January 16, 2015 - Former Port-au-Prince politician Evans Paul is sworn-in arsenic premier minister.

February 7, 2016 - After 5 years successful office, President Martelly steps down, leaving Haiti with nary successor aft elections marred by allegations of fraud were postponed. Under the presumption of an statement for a transitional government, Haiti's parliament volition elite an interim president for a word of 120 days and corroborate a statement premier minister.

February 14, 2016 - The Haitian Parliament elects a caller interim president, erstwhile caput of Parliament Jocelerme Privert.

November 20, 2016 - A statesmanlike predetermination is held with 27 candidates competing.

January 3, 2017 - Jovenel Moïse is officially declared the caller president of Haiti. The pursuing month, helium nominates Jack Guy Lafontant premier minister.

July 14, 2018 - Lafontant resigns amid convulsive protests sparked by a projected program to rise substance prices.

March 18, 2019 - The bulk of Haiti's Chamber of Deputies votes to disregard Prime Minister Céant, whose presumption has not yet been ratified by the nationalist assembly. The no-confidence ballot follows caller protests implicit economical conditions. Jean Michel Lapin is named acting premier curate 3 days aboriginal and is nominated premier curate successful April.

June 11, 2019 - The United Kingdom regulator for the British foundation Oxfam releases a study regarding Oxfam's handling of allegations of intersexual misconduct successful Haiti pursuing the 2010 earthquake. The study finds that the foundation "missed opportunities" to code "cultural and behavioral issues" of unit successful Haiti astatine that time. In its responding statement, Oxfam says it accepts the findings of the commission, and is "deeply atrocious for its nonaccomplishment to forestall intersexual maltreatment by its erstwhile unit successful Haiti."

July 22, 2019 - Officials denote that Prime Minister Lapin, whose presumption has not yet been ratified by the nationalist assembly, has resigned during continuing anti-government protests. The aforesaid day, President Moïse nominates Fritz William Michel arsenic the nation's premier minister. This is the 4th specified information since Moïse became caput of state.

February 23, 2020 - Haiti's biggest solemnisation of the year, Carnival, is canceled aft deadly protests and gunfire interrupted the archetypal time of festivities successful Port-au-Prince.

February 7, 2021 - Dozens are arrested for an alleged coup attempt, portion protesters impeach President Moïse of unconstitutionally extending his term. Moïse is owed to measurement down, according to Haiti's Superior Court of Justice and the country's absorption movement.

    February 8, 2021 - Haiti's absorption question selects Joseph Mecene Jean-Louis, a 72-year-old Supreme Court judge, to pb a transitional government, arguing that President Moïse's word has expired and calling connected him to measurement down.

    July 7, 2021 - Moïse is killed during an onslaught connected his backstage residence. Acting Prime Minister Claude Joseph assumes enactment and declares a "state of siege" successful Haiti, saying helium does not privation the federation to "plunge into chaos."

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