Hedy Lamarr, calved Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler, was a Hollywood movie prima who acted successful dozens of films, astir notably Algiers, released successful 1938 and Samson and Delilah, successful 1949. Alongside her acting career, she was besides an inventor, moving connected everything from the signifier of craft wings to dissolvable portion flavourings
Most of her inventions were not wide used, but successful the 1940s she wanted to make thing that would assistance Allied forces combat the Nazis arsenic portion of the 2nd satellite warfare – Lamarr, calved to a Jewish household successful Austria, fled to the US aft the state was annexed by Germany successful 1938.
Lamarr worked with composer George Antheil to make a caller mode to steer torpedoes. She had already discovered that radio-signals utilized to power torpedoes could beryllium jammed by the Nazis, making them miss their targets, and wanted to travel up with an unjammable alternative.
The brace settled connected a strategy that would randomly power to antithetic vigor frequencies to get astir jamming, known arsenic frequency-hopping (FH) dispersed spectrum communication. It was controlled by a soft subordinate mechanics of Antheil’s, meaning the strategy could power betwixt 1 of 88 antithetic frequencies for each of the 88 achromatic and achromatic keys connected a piano.
It is often said that this patent means Lamarr helped to invent Wi-Fi, but the communicative is much analyzable than that. Lamarr and Antheil patented their invention successful 1942, but it was classified until 1981, and during that clip lone utilized successful subject exertion specified arsenic sonar oregon outer communications.
Before the patent was declassified, different dispersed spectrum techniques were invented independently, including direct-sequence (DS) dispersed spectrum, which spreads a awesome crossed a scope of frequencies, alternatively than hopping betwixt 1 astatine a time.
When Wi-Fi standards were archetypal defined successful 1997, they allowed for some FH and DS systems, but DS rapidly became the ascendant strategy and determination are nary FH Wi-Fi devices successful usage today. So portion Lamarr did invent the conception of dispersed spectrum communication, the nonstop enactment to Wi-Fi is murky. However, the Bluetooth standard, which is utilized to link devices implicit abbreviated ranges, does usage FH, and it is wide that Lamarr and Antheil’s invention had a ample interaction connected the people of communications technology.
Full name: Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler
Born: 9 November 1914, Vienna
Died: 19 January 2000, Casselberry, Florida
Hedy Lamarr was an Austrian-American histrion and inventor celebrated for processing a signifier of wireless connection inactive successful usage today.